Imagine this scenario; you just learned how to care of a garden. You had planted a few different crops, maximized your garden, watered and fed them with fertilizers, cleared all the weeds, and taken good care of them.
Your crops have been coming out good until recently when you started noticing yellow leaves and unusual growths in your garden. You probably cut off these parts or just left them, thinking it is normal, and it won’t affect the other plants. A week later, your crops have been infested with weird tumor-looking sprouts or brown and yellow stains on the leaves and stems.
Many gardeners go through these devastating stages, particularly when they don’t have too much experience in the field. If you are starting your gardening journey, you have a lot to learn. And apart from making your plants grow tall, your garden needs to remain healthy if you would eat anything out of it at all.
So, how do you keep your garden lush and healthy? We will discuss seven effective ways to keep your garden healthy.
How To Keep Your Garden Healthy: 7 Effective Methods
Now you want to look after the garden you’ve planted, these following procedure is going to walk you on how gardener should about the step:
1. Check plants before buying them
If you are the type who buys a plant and then transplants them into your garden, you could get different diseases from unknown sources. The easiest way to avoid this spread is to check the new plants before planting them into the soil.
However, the struggle here is even identifying a good plant when you see one. You have the internet, books, studies, and several magazines that shows what healthy plants look like. Don’t accept a plant with insects, dead spots, rotted stems, or anything that makes it look sick. This way, you are saving yourself money on useless plants and preventing generations of diseases from entering your garden.
2. Keep insects at bay
The easiest way for a disease to attack a plant is through its openings. And insects usually provide these openings in abundance after attacking the plant severally. Besides, some insects themselves carry viruses around, like aphids and thrips. Overall, the plant becomes less immune to diseases after multiple attacks and infestations. Speak to a professional about what you can do to control insects around your crops.
3. Make sure that your yard wastes are fully composted
If you use yard wastes as compost or mulch around your plants, you have to make sure that they have fully decomposed. Not all materials in a compost disintegrate simultaneously, so those carrying diseases can still spread it to your plants. Thoroughly composting your wastes will produce high temperatures that kill pathogens altogether. If you are not sure about your compost or mulch state, don’t place them beside newly-germinating and sensitive plants.
4. Prune affected branches in time
Plant limbs get damaged from time to time, so you should not wait until spring before you trim your plants. The best time to prune is late winter as it prevents diseases from entering the cut ends. You only have to watch out for winter storms that can cause new damages to plants. Still, trim the broken limbs and never wait for spring to arrive. Use sharp trimming tools to make precise cuts on healthy tissues that heal fast.
5. Water plants properly
Your plant needs water, but plant diseases need water equally. Most plant diseases live on the leaves to collect the nutrients, water, and air they need. If you water your plants, sprinkle water directly on the roots and don’t let them touch the leaves. That way, you wouldn’t be feeding your enemies too. Don’t pour too much water to avoid root rots and to discourage root fungi from thriving too. Water can also choke your roots and make them more vulnerable to rot.
6. Avoid overcrowding
When placing plants, make sure to give enough space between them. Firstly, crowdedness amongst plants promotes high humidity levels. So, because there is more heat and water between plants, diseases can thrive. Besides, closeness between plants can allow an infected plant to affect a healthy one because of very little space between them. If you want to avoid these many complications, make sure to trim out dead, damaged, and infected plant parts and give enough space between them. Don’t try to save too much space or get twice the normal harvest of your garden. You might end up getting nothing.
7. Choose the right species for your garden
Ultimately, getting gardening right starts with understanding the kinds of plants you are using and the most favorable environments for them. Some plants love heat while others love cold; some plants love the sun, while others love shades. If you provide an unfavorable condition for your garden crops, they will yield adverse effects as they will grow vulnerable to diseases.
How To Prune Your Plants
Pruning your plants is a straightforward yet delicate stage that affects the growth of your plants. Here is how to prune your trees and flowering plants:
Materials you’ll need
- Gardening gloves
- Protective clothing
- Hand pruners
Pruning Your Branches
- Inspect your tree. Check for areas that need to be pruned. In flowering trees, branches that have grown over two feet are less likely to fruit again, while in other trees, and watch out for branches growing downwards.
- Start with unwanted branches. If you are dealing with mature branches, use a lopper, or a hand saw. Make sure you’re wearing protective gloves and clothing. Make heading cuts on old growth to promote lateral branch growth.
- Remove suckers and growths at the base of the tree. Particularly for flowering plants, you don’t need these plant parts. Trim them off sharply to allow the trimmed ends to grow.
Caring for your garden requires your attention and understanding of different plant diseases and how to treat them.
It’s guessable that most of us didn’t know one or two of these tips, so I advise you to put them into practice and watch the results.
Thanks for reading through our diy step on how to take care of a garden. Do take care.