How To Start A Vegetable Garden For Beginners: DIY

You might be wondering, why should I start a vegetable garden? Indoor vegetable gardening at home is an excellent way to save money, eat fresh, and get close to Mother Nature. Many vegetable garden for beginners DIY ideas are available, but you need to adopt a style to achieve healthy vegies. 

Growing veggies or herbs can save you lots of money. For example, you can get a plant seed for about $1-$2, and it’ll provide enough veggies that’ll take you during the season.

The flavor and texture of garden-grown produce are way better than what you find at the grocery store. 

How To Start A Vegetable Garden For Beginners: DIY

In this guide, we’ll talk about everything you need to know about vegetable gardening – where to start, how to pick the right location for your garden, selecting which vegetables to grow, and things to consider before growing vegetables. 

Where to Start a Vegetable garden

Sun is the most crucial factor when it comes to choosing a location for planting. You need to select a place that gets at least 6 hours of full sun every day or install a grow led lights. Sunlight provides the energy for your vegetables to grow. No sunlight, no vegetable garden.

If your considered location provides partial shade, you should plant herbs and vegetables (lettuce, spinach, kale, thyme, parsley, chard, or cilantro) that don’t require too much sunlight. If your site gets about 4 hours of full sun, you can plant beets, carrot, and radishes. 

When choosing a spot for your garden, you also need to consider the soil. You have to plant in well-drained, moist soil. If you have poorly drained soil, don’t plant your veggies directly in the soil; plant them in a raised bed. If your soil is rocky, take your time to till and remove the rocks.

Also, you need to consider how stable the environment is. Don’t plant your veggies in locations that receive strong wind, foot traffic, or flood easily. Or else, you could lose all your veggies. 

How Big Should A Vegetable Garden Be?

After you’ve chosen the best spot for your vegetable garden, another factor to take into consideration is how big your garden should be. By general rule, the vegetable garden’s size should be 100 square feet per person you’re trying to feed. 

For instance, if the garden is for you alone, then 100 square feet is okay. If the garden is for you and your family of four, then 500 square feet is okay. However, you can go smaller than 100 square feet per person if you have a smaller yard. 

TIP: Don’t make your garden too big; start small and expand later. Don’t plant too much; well, unless you’re planning to give some out to your neighbors. Stick to what you can eat and take care of your garden.

How To Choose Vegetables To Grow

You can plant whatever you like and grow best in your area. But here are some common, productive plants that are very easy to grow:

  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes
  • Lettuce
  • Beets
  • Radishes
  • Chard
  • Salad leaves
  • Spring Onions
  • Broad beans
  • Carrots
  • Cucumbers
  • Zucchini
  • Garlic
  • Cabbage
  • Squash
  • Kale
  • Peas
  • Basil
  • Corn
  • Lentil
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Guidelines For Choosing Vegetables To Grow

Guidelines For Choosing Vegetables To Grow
  • What do your family like? If your family doesn’t like cabbages, there is no need to grow them. Plant what you can accommodate and eat; don’t grow because you like the idea of it.
  • Be realistic about how many veggies your family can eat before planting. Don’t overplant; plant what you can care for and accommodate.
  • Use high-quality seeds. If you use low-quality seedlings, they might not germinate, which means your money and effort is wasted. Although you might need to spend extra coins on high-quality seeds, it is worth it.
  • Are you going on a summer vacation? Vegetables like tomatoes and zucchini grow during the summer. If you’re going for a vacation, you might need to have someone your tomatoes, or they might die. If not, you could plant cool-season crops like root veggies and kale.
When And Where To Plant 

If you want to grow a full garden, then you need to consider where to plant each vegetable and when they need to be planted.

Where to Plant 

Here are some guidelines for arranging your vegetables

  • Try Stagger Planting for lettuce. Don’t plant all your lettuce seeds simultaneously; if not you’ll have to harvest it at the same time. Instead, you can stagger plantings by a few weeks to keep them coming and fresh.
  • Grow tall vegetables on the north side of your garden, so they don’t cover the shorter plants. If there is a part of your garden with shade, save it up for cool-season veggies like kale.
  • Consider the different vegetable seasons. There are “warm-season” veggies that can’t be planted until the soil warms up (such as peppers, tomatoes) and “cool-season” veggies that grow during the spring (such as lettuce, root veggies, spinach, etc.). You can grow “cool-season” crops after spring frost, and you can plant “warm season” crops in the same area later in the season.
  • Consider the life-span and harvest period of your veggies. Some vegetables (such as radishes or bush beans) mature quickly and have a short harvest period, while some other veggies (such as tomatoes) have a more extended harvest period.
  • Consider the life-cycle of vegetables. Some plants are annual, while some are perennial. If you plan on planting “annual crops,” you don’t need to get permanent locations or beds. However, if you plan on planting “perennial crops,” you need to provide permanent beds or locations. 

When to plant 

It is essential to plant your vegetables at the right time and harvest them at the right time. The majority of vegetables are grown in spring. However, some vegetables have to be planted earlier, depending on the weather condition. It is essential to know when to plant and when to harvest so that you can get fresh vegetables at the peak of their taste and tenderness.

Conclusion 

Ready to jump into a vegetable garden for beginners? Follow our vegetable gardening guide, and it will help you plan and grow the yummiest vegetables ever.

References

The Old Farmer’s Almanac. Vegetable Gardening for Beginners. [Online] Available from: https://www.almanac.com/vegetable-gardening-for-beginners/ [Accessed 6th October 2020].

Sarah Raven. Starting a Vegetable Garden from the Scratch. [Online] Available from: https://www.sarahraven.com/articles/starting-a-vegetable-garden-from-scratch.htm/ [Accessed 5th October 2020]