Want to learn how to grow a banana tree from seed? Most people hardly or have never seen a banana fruit with seeds. Why? Because the commercial production of bananas has brought in many genetic modifications that have gotten rid of their seeds.
Naturally, many banana species still carry their fruits. You can even see some banana fruits with large seeds. Knowing that banana seeds exist, it is possible to grow a banana tree with seeds.
Why Are Banana Seeds Uncommon
You will probably ask this question because planting bananas with seeds is strange to you.
The bananas you get from your grocery store has been genetically altered not to have any seeds. They are usually known as Cavendish bananas.
Cavendish bananas are grown with suckers, pups, rhizomes, or pieces of existing banana plants.
The propagation of most bananas nowadays is from the parent plants. But in the wild, banana seedlings still grow by seeds.
So, as you should know, there are many different varieties of banana plants containing seeds. So you can plant bananas with seeds.
Growing Banana Plants With Seeds
Firstly, you need to know; if you grow banana plants from seeds, they will not turn out like the bananas you’d find at a regular grocery store. They will contain seeds that may even be large, depending on the kind of banana crop you are planting. Most people also remarked that wild bananas have even stronger flavors than regular seedless varieties.
Soak in warm water for about 24 to 48 hours to break their dormancy. This way, the seed coat becomes softer to allow a sprout even more quickly.
Prepare a bed or garden with potting soil packed with organic compost in the ratio of 40% loam and 60% sandy soil. The area should be sunny and kept around 60 degrees Fahrenheit.
Dig up a hole around 6 cm deep and drop in the seeds. Cover the hole with compost and water the area until it’s moisturized, not drenched in water. Even as the seedlings grow, make sure the area is always damp. But, you should never overwater your banana roots if you don’t want them to rot.
The temperature requirements of banana seedlings vary from species to species. On a general scale, banana plants should be provided with up to 5-7 hours of warm temperatures, while coolness should last for about 17-19 hours.
The germination period of your banana tree also depends on the kind of tree you’re planting. Banana species can take as little as two weeks and as long as three months to germinate. So if you are using seeds to plant bananas, you need to exercise a lot of patience.
Guidelines On How To Growing A Banana Tree In A Pot
If you are growing your seeded bananas in a pot, you need to understand that it is limited to some space and nutrients and needs your attention. Here are some factors surrounding potted banana plantation
- Soil nutrients. Your banana tree needs enough nutrients to grow. Start with a well-mixed potting soil with organic compost and a good loam-to-soil ratio. If you didn’t start planting from good soil, you can transplant an actively growing plant into well-drained, nutritious soil. During summer, feed your banana plant with an organic fertilizer weekly or as directed. Bananas need lots of nutrients to grow and yield healthy, sizeable fruits.
- Plant diseases and pests. Bananas are typically resistant to diseases, except for their exposure to root rots due to overwatering. Smaller pests like aphids, snails, moths, etc., can crawl up the plant, but they can always be washed off with water. Possible fungal infections could attack a banana plant wilt or mosaic virus, anthracnose, but they won’t kill the plant. You don’t have to worry about diseases with your banana plant.
- Light. Banana plants need full hours of sun, about 6 to 8 hours every day. If you plant your tree indoors, use powerful grow lights with enough coverage to reach the leaves. Light provides the basic energy requirements and food your plant needs. You could even grow your plant without fertilizers if you provide enough light.
- Water. The moisture requirements of bananas are high, so you should never leave the soil dry. Add up enough water to feed all the large leaves, but don’t add too much water. The anatomy of banana plants makes them more vulnerable to rot than most stem trees.
- Protection. Many physical factors, including winds and winter, can damage your banana plant. Naturally, banana trees are made for tropical regions with enough sun and heat. If wind levels are high in your region, ensure to plant the bananas close to a wall or shielded area. During winter, carry your pot to your building’s warmest part or wrap the stem with a thick blanket. Temperatures above 22 degrees Fahrenheit is optimal. Also, add some mulch over the soil or take the entire pot indoors.
Growing bananas with seed is something that you probably found strange, but it is entirely possible. You need to give just enough of everything and keep your plants warm as much as you can. You’d see that it’s just the same process as planting with suckers after a few months of germination.
Because these tropical species love warmth, living in a cold region only doubles your responsibilities to keep these trees warm.
However, if you have everything covered, you should expect your fruits in less than a year. And expect to see seeds this time around, probably big ones too!
Great! You’re able to read the entire process on how to grow a banana tree from seed.